What Are An Ovarian Cyst, Causes, and Treatments?
What are ovarian cysts?
The ovarian cysts are the part of women reproductive system. They are located in the lower abdomen on both sides of the uterus that produces eggs as well as the hormones of estrogen and progesterone. A sac filled with fluid called cyst that develops on one of the ovaries. Throughout the entire life, most of the women develop at least one cyst and in most cases, cysts are painless and they do not have symptoms.
Types of ovarian cysts
There are a number of types of ovarian cysts which include dermoid cysts and endometrioma cysts. There are some functional cysts that are quite common. The other two types of functional cysts include follicle and corpus luteum cysts.
Follicle is a sac that develops during the menstrual cycle. It is located inside the ovaries. There are times when the follicle or sac breaks open and releases an egg and if it doesn’t open then the fluid inside the follicle can form a cyst on the ovary.
Corpus luteum cysts
In most cases the Follicle sacs get dissolve after releasing an egg but if it fails to dissolve and the opening of follicle seals, additional fluid can develop inside the sac and it can cause corpus luteum cyst.
Other than these two types of ovarian cysts, doctors have also found some more types of cysts that occur in different conditions such as dermoid cysts, cystadenomas, and endometriomas cyst. In some women polycystic ovary syndrome condition is found in this case the ovaries contain a large number of small cysts. It can even cause the ovaries to enlarge. If it is left untreated then, polycystic ovaries can cause infertility
Symptoms of An Ovarian Cyst
Symptoms of ovarian cyst doesn’t harm women, however they appears only when they develops. The most common symptoms of an ovarian cyst are
- Abdominal bloating or swelling
- Painful bowel movements
- Pelvic pain before or during the menstrual cycle
- Painful intercourse
- Pain in the lower back or thighs
- Breast tenderness
- Nausea and vomiting
Severe symptoms of an ovarian cyst that require immediate medical attention include:
- Severe or sharp pelvic pain
- Faintness or dizziness
- Rapid breathing
Ovarian cyst complications
Most ovarian cysts develop naturally and go away on their own without any kind of a treatment. But in case cysts cause little therefore doctor may detect a cancerous cystic ovarian mass during a routine examination.
Ovarian torsion is one of the rarest complications of ovarian cysts that women faces and becomes troublesome as well. It causes when a large cyst causes an ovary to twist or move from its original position and the blood supply to the ovary gets cut off and it is not treated well, then it can cause damage or death of the ovarian tissue. In this case, it has observed that approx.. 3 percent of emergency gynecologic surgeries are required. Other than ovarian torsion, Ruptured cysts are also rare but it can cause a lot of pain and internal bleeding as well. This complication increases the risk of infection and it can even threaten to the life if not treated well. X
Diagnosing an ovarian cyst
To get rid of ovarian cyst, it is really important for a woman to get it diagnosed whenever she starts feeling something wrong. The doctor detects an ovarian cyst during a routine pelvic examination and during the examination, they may notice the swelling on one of your ovaries and to confirm the presence of a cyst, it is required to get its ultrasound done. An ultrasound test comprises of an imaging test that is possible with high-frequency sound waves to produce an image of your internal organs. The ultrasound tests enable the doctor to determine the size, location, shape, and composition (solid or fluid-filled) of a cyst. Imaging tools that doctors uses to diagnose ovarian cyst are CT scan, MRI, and Ultrasound device.
Treatment of the ovarian cyst
Well, after the diagnoses doctors are able to decide the right treatment for the women as the test helps them to identify whether to remove the cyst or shrink it. If the case goes in favor if shrinking it then there are some pills that doctor recommend to patients. Other than pills, Laparoscopy and Laparotomy are some other types of treatments that doctor prefer to their patients. Get Ovarian Cyst Treatment in Gurgaon by Dr. Garima Sawhney, Renowned Obstetrician and Gynaecologist in Gurgaon.